Science and research

Breathing retraining is based on solid principles of physiology, physics and biochemistry.

A large body of research and clinical evidence supports its premise and its effectiveness as a management approach for breathing-related disoders. A selection of references is given here.

  1. ‘Control of breathing in obstructive sleep apnoea and in patients with the overlap syndrome’. Radwan L, Maszczyk Z, Koziorowski A, Koziej M, Cieslicki J, Sliwinski P, Zielinski J. Eur Respir J. 1995; 8(4): 542–545.
  2. ‘Con: Sleep apnea is not an anatomic disorder’. Strohl KP. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med .2003; 168: 271–272.
  3. ‘Is chronic hyperventilation syndrome a risk factor for sleep apnea?’ Coffee JC. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 2006; 10: Part 1,134–146; Part 2, 166-174.
  4.  ‘A possible mechanism for mixed apnea in obstructive sleep apnea’. Iber C, Davies S, Chapman RC and Mahowald MM. Chest 1986; 89: 800–805.
  5.  ‘Crossing the apneic threshold: Causes and consequences’. Dempsey, Jerome A. 2004.Julius H. Comroe Memorial Lecture – Experimental Biology,WashingtonDC. April 2004. Physiology in Press; published online on 30 November 2004 as 10.1113/expphysiol.2004.028985.
  6.  ‘The ventilatory responsiveness to CO2 below eupnoea as a determinant of ventilatory stability in sleep’. Dempsey JA, Smith CA, Przybylowski T, Chenuel B, Xie A, Nakayama H and Skatrud JB. J Physiol. 2004; 560: 1–11.
  7.  ‘Low-concentration carbon dioxide is an effective adjunct to positive airway pressure in the treatment of refractory mixed central and obstructive sleep-disordered breathing’. Thomas RJ, Daly RW and Weiss JW. Sleep 2005; 28: 12–13.
  8.  ‘Alteration in obstructive apnea pattern induced by changes in oxygen and carbon-dioxide-inspired concentrations’. Hudgel DW, Hendricks C and Dadley A. Am Rev Respir Dis.July, 1988;138(1)169    138(1) 16–9
  9.  ‘Buteyko breathing techniques in asthma: a controlled trial’. Bowler SD, Green A, Mitchell CA. MJA. 1988; 169: 575–578.
  10.  ‘Buteyko breathing technique reduces hyperventilation-induced hypocapnia and dyspnoea. Austin et al. Am. J. Respir. Crit. Care Med. 2009; 179: A3409
  11.  ‘The Buteyko method increases end-tidal CO2 and decreases ventilatory responsiveness in asthma.’ Borg B, Doran C, Giorlando F, Hartley MF, Jack S, Johns DP, Wolfe R, Cohen M, Abramson MJ. The Australian and New Zealand Society of Respiratory Science Inc. Annual Scientific Meeting. 2004,
  12.  ‘A controlled study of a breathing therapy for treatment of hyperventilation syndrome’. Grossman P, De Swart JC and Defares PB. J Psychosom Res. 1985; 29: 49–58.
  13.  ‘Buteyko breathing technique for asthma: an effective intervention.’ McHugh P, Aitcheson F, Duncan B, Houghton F. NZ Med J. 2003, 116: (1187).
  14.  ‘The effect of physiotherapy-based breathing retraining on asthma control’. Grammatopoulou EP, Skordilis EK, Stavoli N, Myriantheps P, Karteroliotis K, Baltopoulos G and Koutsouki D. Journal of Asthma 2011; 48: 593–601.
  15.  ‘Didgeridoo playing as alternative treatment for obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome: randomised controlled trial’. Puhan MA, Suarez A, Lo Cascio C, Zahn A, Heitz M and Braendli O. BMJ February 2006; 332 (7536): 266–70.
  16. ‘Role of Buteyko breathing technique in asthmatics with nasal symptoms’,    Adelola O.A., Oosthuiven J.C., Fenton J.E. Clinical Otolaryngology.2013, April;38(2):190-191.
  17.  ‘Sleep Apnoea and Breathing Retraining: To what extent is the Buteyko Institute Method of breathing retraining effective for sleep apnoea?’ A survey of Buteyko Institute practitioners’ experiences with clients suffering from sleep apnoea. Birch M. 2012.
  18. Clinical Review: Sleep apnoea – A survey of breathing retraining‘ Birch M. Australian Nursing Journal October 2012, 20:(4) 40-41.



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